7 Essential Components of a Toilet


When your toilet cooperates, it would simply mean that its parts work efficiently. When the smallest part does not function as expected, there is the least possibility that your toilet will give you a satisfactory performance. It is evident that most of us find comfort in our toilet and we use it several times in a day. When our toilet’s work efficiency goes down because of some abrupt interference, it would be an edge to know its parts and functions and how toilets work so you can fix the damage on your own, quickly and inexpensively. Toilets may appear so simple, but they are complex indeed. Here are its parts and their specific functions.

1. Toilet Tank

    This is the biggest among all toilet parts and contains several working smaller toilet parts inside it. Toilet tanks can either be used to contain water for flushing and filling it back when the water is consumed or to push waste materials and water to the main sewage pipeline.

2. Float Ball

    This is an air filled ball that stops water from entering the toilet tank when it is already full to avoid overflow and water wastage. When the float ball is off and the tank keeps on adding water, this will result to running toilet. There is a specific amount of water in a toilet tank, and when the water reaches its maximum amount, the float ball rises to close the flapper.

3. Cold Water Supply Pipe

    Most toilets has a valve next to it commonly stuck on the wall connected to the water tank. A metal pipe coming out of the wall connected to the tank by a flexible pipe will provide the entire tank with all the cold water it needs for flushing. When the toilet tank does not fill immediately after flushing, there might be a clog in your cold water supply pipe or low water pressure.

4. Ball Cock

    Ball cock or flapper is a cap-like plastic stopper that prevents continuous flow of water from the tank to the bowl and a backflow of water to the tank. When running water occurs, it might be because the flapper does not stop the water properly from going to the toilet bowl even if not flushed.

5. Fill Valve

    Fill valve’s main duty is to fill the tank back with water. This is connected to the water hose which is the main source of water. When the float ball will go down, the tank will be filled with water again, and when it reaches its highest point, there will be a shut off of water supply.

6. Siphon

    There will always be water left on your toilet bowls even after you flush them. This is because of the siphon located under your toilet bowls. This is a pipe curved upwards, then downwards to the main sewage pipe. That is the reason behind always having water present in your toilet bowls. Flushing when be made possible either by suction or immersion.

7. Lift Chain

    This is the chain that connects the flush valve and the ball cock. During flushing, the lift chain will pull the ball cock up and the water will be pushed downward to the siphon. Broken lift chains will hinder any flushing mechanisms.